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Xylitol – The sugar substitute
Xylitol – The sugar substitute
Xylit or Xylitol is associated with the sugar alcohols in the chemical definition and is a completely natural sugar substitute.
To find is xylitol in various vegetables (cauliflower, among others) and fruits (inter alia strawberries, plums and raspberries) while the proportion contained is however less than 1% and in the bark of certain species (for example, birch and beech).
The peculiarity of xylitol is its anti-cariogenic effect, which has been demonstrated in several clinical studies.
Xylitol tastes like sugar and almost has the same sweetening power (98%) of sugar, but 40% less calories.
Discovery of xylitol
The German Nobel Prize winner Emil Fischer and his PhD student Rudolf Stahel have discovered the natural product in 1890. In 1891 they published their discovery under the name xylitol. Almost at the same time, discovered and isolated the French chemist M.G.. Bertrand a kind Xylit syrup from oat and wheat stalks.
Untill 1970, nothing more was heard from the natural product.
Xylitol – the first studies of the anti-cariogenic effect
It was the Finnish researchers Kauko K. Mäkinen, who already carried out two studies at the University of Turku at the beginning of the seventies and the impressive results led to todays.
In his first study, he divided the subjects into three groups:
- The first group should eat only fruit sugar in the next 24 months instead of sugar.
- Group two using xylitol instead of sugar.
- The third group should continue to use the normal sugar.
Two years later, at the end of the study, following recognition showed:
- The third group, which used the normal sugar, had well over 7 carious teeth more than at the start of the trial.
- The fructose team, group one, was full of pride, because participants in the cut to show had only 4 carious teeth.
- The xylitol group, group two, but enthusiastic with 0 – correct “zero” new carious teeth.
In another study, 100 test subjects in a sugar (sucrose) and a Xylitolgruppe were divided. The sweeteners were administered the test groups in the form of chewing gum, about seven grams per person per day.
A direct comparison determined a reduction of tooth decay rate of 82% compared to the sugar group in the Xylitolgruppe. Because the same amount of chewing gum was administered to two groups, therefore the effect of chewing could be ruled out as the reason.
A conclusion of this second study was that a few amounts of xylitol are sufficient to minimize the caries and that it is not necessary to completely switch from sugar to xylitol.
Confirmation of the effect of xylitol
Both the United States food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the European authority for food safety (EFSA) have confirmed that xylitol is a natural product, as well as a safe food.
EFSA has also confirmed the positive effects of xylitol on health.
Five specific facts that you should know about xylitol
- Only 2 grams per application will be sufficient to reduce the risk of caries by up to 80%.
- Xylitol is perfectly natural and can be found in foods such as raspberries, strawberries, lettuce, and cauliflower. And the human liver normally produces approx. 15 g xylitol daily.
- Xylitol tastes like sugar and almost has the same sweetening power, but contains 40% less calories. Also, xylitol has almost no effect on the insulin and blood sugar levels.
- To date, approximately 300 different studies about the effect of xylitol exist.
- The consumption of xylitol ambient heat is absorbed by a cooling effect in the mouth.
Xylitol – also helps against sugar cravings
Do you suffer an increased desire for sugar or candy? But you aren’t able to reduce it? Xylitol can also help to limit your sugar addiction.
If the next cravings comes over you for sweets, take a sucking pastille, the sweet taste of the Xylits this satisfies the taste buds in the mouth, so that reduces the cravings for sweets and treats.
Scientific and clinical studies on xylitol
Until today there are about 300 studies related to xylitol, we give you the most important:
- First Turku sugar studies (1972-1974)
- Second Turku sugar studies (1973-1974)
- Ylivieska study (1982 – 1984) – follow-up, 1987 and 1989
- Belize study (1989-1993)
- Mother-child study Finland (2000)
- Pastilles study (2004)
Penta-sense anti-caries-sucking pastilles with xylitol
known from the TV show “The den of the Lions” on Vox
Currently, there are four different flavours:
The sucking lozenges of Penta-sense contain 2 grams of xylitol and melt slowly in your mouth, thereby achieving the desired effect.
- Combat harmful caries bacteria
- Inhibit the formation of dental plaque
- Prevent the harmful acid formation after meals and contribute to the preservation of the tooth mineralization and taste!
- High-quality made in Germany
- With natural active ingredient xylitol
- Xylitol – helps also against sugar cravings